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What is hepatitis C? Hepatitis (HEP-ah-TY-tis) makes your liver swell and stops it from working right. You need a healthy liver. The liver does many things to keep you alive. The liver fights infections and stops bleeding. It removes drugs and other poisons from your blood. The liver also stores energy for when you need it. What causes hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is caused by a virus. A virus is a germ that causes sickness. (For example, the flu is caused by a virus.) People can pass viruses to each other. The virus that causes hepatitis C is called the hepatitis C virus. How could I get hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood. You could get hepatitis C (la Qdar allah) by : # sharing drug needles # getting pricked with a needle that has infected blood on it (hospital workers can get hepatitis C this way) # having sex with an infected person, especially if you or your partner has other sexually transmitted diseases # being born to a mother with hepatitis C. # Using blood tools as in case of detection of BGL [blood glucose level] MAY transmit Hepatits C virus…

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الحمرة او الـ Erysipelas – تنطق بضم حرف الحاء – هي احد الامراض المنتشرة والتي تسببها البكتريا     اشهر انواع البكتريا المسببة لهذا المرض هي بكتريا من النوع Streptococcus pyogenes حيث تصيب الجلد بالعدوي كما هو واضح في الصورة السابقة .. وتكون الصورة الظاهرة من هذا المرض هو وجود جزء ملتهب له لون احمر مميز علي الجلد يشعر المريض بالالم عند لمسه … ويصاحب ذلك ارتفاع في درجه الحرارة   يصيب هذا النوع من البكتريا اماكن معينة من الجلد اشهرها الوجه – وبالاخص منطقة الخدود – وكذلك القدمين والذراعين حيث تكون الانسجة الدهنية fat tissues الموجوده تحت الجلد هي انسب الاماكن التي تنمو وتتكاثر فيها البكتريا     تصل البكتريا الي الجلد عن طريق الجروح الملوثة .. العمليات الجراحيه .. عن طريق الـ minor trauma او وجود ulcer علي الجلد حيث تجد البكتريا الفرصه للنمو والتكاثر … ويكثر هذا المرض في الاشخاص الذين لديهم مناعه ضعيفة وفي مرضي السكر وفي حالات الـ fungal infections   Diagnosis :gara7: يتم تشخيص هذه العدوي البكتيرية عن الطرق الشكل واللون المميزين للعدوي وطبيعي جدا ان تحليل الـ ASO ونسبة كرات الدم البيضاء تكون مرتفعه Treatment يتم علاج الـ Erysipelas عن طريق استخدام penicillinase resistant antibiotics مثل الـ salbactam مع الـ ampicillin والمعروف تجاريا…

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بسم اللله الرحمن الرحيم تعريف الجلوكوما  المياه الزرقاء.. عبارة عن ارتفاع فى ضغط العين أكثر من المعدل الطبيعى يؤدى إذا لم يعالج إلى تدمير العصب البصرى، وينتج عنه فقد البصر. ما هو ضغط العين الطبيعى؟ العين مثل الكرة لابد لها من ضغط داخلها لتحتفظ الكرة بشكلها، وتقوم بوظيفتها، مثل إطار السيارة لابد أن يكون داخله “ضغط” لكى يحتفظ الإطار بشكله ويقوم بوظيفته، فإذا قل الضغط داخل الكرة أو داخل إطار السيارة فستفقد شكلها، ولا تقوم بالغرض التى صنعت من أجله، كذلك إذا زاد الضغط داخل إطار السيارة أكثر مما يحتمل أو تحتمل، فقد تنفجر الكرة أو ينفجر إطار السيارة، كذلك كرة أو مقلة العين، إذا قل الضغط بها فقد يحدث بها مضاعفات قد تؤثر على النظر، وكذلك إذا زاد الضغط داخلها، فقد يؤدى ذلك فى النهاية إلى فقد النظر. كيف يمكن أن أعرف أن ضغط عينى طبيعى أو غير طبيعى؟ عادة لا يشعر الإنسان بضغط عينيه أى لا يستطيع أن يقدر إذا ما كان ضغط عينه عالياً أو منخفضاً.. ولكن طبيب العيون هو الذى يستطيع قياس ذلك بأجهزة خاصة. إذن هل يلزم كل شخص أن يذهب لطبيب العيون لقياس ضغط العين؟ للإجابة عن هذا السؤال يلزم التأكيد على النقاط الآتية: – من الضرورى قياس ضغط العين عند أى استشارة طبية…

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Anemia

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  Anemia (U.S. spelling) or anaemia means not having enough red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood. Contents 1 Types or causes of anemia 1.1 Microcytic anemia 1.2 Normocytic anemia 1.3 Macrocytic anemia 1.4 Dimorphic anemia  Types or causes of anemia  Microcytic anemia Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia overall Hemoglobinopathies — much rarer Sickle-cell disease (once called sickle-cell anemia) Thalassemia  Normocytic anemia Acute blood loss Anemia of chronic disease Aplastic anemia (bone marrow failure)  Macrocytic anemia Megaloblastic anemia due to not having enough of either vitamin B12 or folic acid (or both) Pernicious anemia is an autoimmune problem with the parietal cells of the stomach Alcoholism Methotrexate, zidovudine, and other drugs that stop DNA replication. This is the most common cause in nonalcoholic patients.  Dimorphic anemia Dimorphic anemia means two types of anemia at the same time. For example, macrocytic hypochromic, due to hookworm infestation leading to not enough of both iron and vitamin B12 or folic acid [1] or following a blood transfusion.

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Alzheimer’s Disease is a -disease that slowly destroys a person’s memory until the person dies -from forgetting how to perform basic functions like swallowing or breathing. -Alzheimer’s Disease is not a normal part of aging. -There is no known cause for Alzheimer’s disease – and even though we are not able to cure it there are medications that can be taken to relieve the patient of some of the symptoms. – It is named after Alois Alzheimer, who discovered the disease in 1906. There are, however, – certain lifestyle habits that can be adopted to delay the onset of the disease.

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Alopecia

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  A man losing his hair; this is a normal process that happens to some men Mohamed ElBaradei has lost some of his hair Alopecia is a condition which is found in humans, as well as in some animals. When it occurs, it will mean that those affected will permanently lose some (or all) of their hair. Since some of the factors are linked to the genes on the chromosome, the condition can be seen more often with men, than with women. People who have the condition will become bald Alopecia areata is the name for a condition in which a person suddenly loses his or her hair. It mostly happens to men, who become bald.

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Albinism

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Albino African Penguin An albino baby girl in an orphanage in Malawi. Albinism is a condition some people and animals are born with. This condition is caused by a lack of pigment (color) in their hair, eyes, and skin. A person or animal with albinism is sometimes called an albino, but many people prefer to be called a “person with albinism”. People with albinism usually have white or light blonde hair and very fair skin. Their eyes are blue, or rarely pink-ish. People with albinism in reality do have some problems including bad vision and getting sunburn easily. All of these problems are because people with alibinism have little or no pigments in their eyes, skin and hair.[1] Vision problems in albinism include nystagmus (irregular fast movements of the eyes), strabismus (where the eyes fail to balance) and refractory errors (like being near-sighted or far-sighted). Albino animals are easily attacked by predators because they cannot hide themselves like the non-albino members of their species.[needs proof] Genetics of albinism  Albinism is a hereditary condition. It is usually inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern; it means, both parents should carry the albinism gene to have a child with albinism.[1]  Famous people with albinism …

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AIDS

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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV. Acquired means that people get the disease from others who already have it. Immune or Immuno- talks about the immune system. The immune system is the part of the body that fights infectious disease. Deficiency means not enough. An immuno-deficiency is a problem where the immune system is damaged and cannot fight disease well. Syndrome is a disease that makes many different problems in the body. Contents 1 How many people have AIDS 2 Where HIV started 3 How HIV can harm the body 4 HIV and AIDS 4.1 AIDS defining illnesses 4.2 CD4 T-cell count 5 Treatment of HIV and AIDS 6 Poverty and HIV 7 Ways to stop AIDS 7.1 Education 7.2 Safe sex and needle exchange 7.3 HIV vaccine 8 Different ideas 9 Other websites 9.1 Different ideas 10 References How many people have AIDS Number of people in the world with HIV from 1979-1995 About 3,000,000 people died because of AIDS in 2004. About 500,000 of these people were children. About 40,000,000 people in the world had HIV in 2004. Most of the people who have HIV live…

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