Johnson & Johnson

Not to be confused with S.C. Johnson.

Johnson & Johnson

 

Type 

Public (NYSEJNJ)
Dow Jones Industrial Average Component

Industry 

Major drugs
Health care
Soaps
Shampoos

Founded

1886

Founder(s)

Robert Wood Johnson I
James Wood Johnson
Edward Mead Johnson

Headquarters

New Brunswick, NJ, U.S.

Area served

Worldwide

Key people

William C. Weldon
(Chairman) & (CEO)

Products

Pharmaceuticals
Medical devices
Health care products
Toiletries
Soaps
Shampoos, etc.

Revenue

US$61.9 Billion (FY 2009)[1]

Operating income

US$15.7 Billion (FY 2009)[1]

Net income

US$12.3 Billion (FY 2009)[1]

Total assets

US$94.7 Billion (FY 2009)[2]

Total equity

US$50.6 Billion (FY 2009)[2]

Employees

118,700 (2009)[3]

Website

JNJ.com also JJ.com

Johnson & Johnson (NYSEJNJ) is a global American pharmaceutical, medical devices and consumer packaged goods manufacturer founded in 1886. Its common stock is a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the company is listed among the Fortune 500. Johnson & Johnson is known for its corporate reputation, consistently ranking at the top of Harris Interactive‘s National Corporate Reputation Survey,[4] ranking as the world’s most respected company by Barron’s Magazine,[5] and was the first corporation awarded the Benjamin Franklin Award for Public Diplomacy by the U.S. State Department for its funding of international education programs.[6] A suit brought by the United States Department of Justice in 2010, however, alleges that the company from 1999 to 2004 illegally marketed drugs to Omnicare, a pharmacy that dispenses the drugs in nursing homes.[7]

The corporation’s headquarters is located in New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States. Its consumer division is located in Skillman, New Jersey. The corporation includes some 250 subsidiary companies with operations in over 57 countries. Its products are sold in over 175 countries. J&J had worldwide pharmaceutical sales of $24.6 billion for the full-year 2008.

Johnson & Johnson’s brands include numerous household names of medications and first aid supplies. Among its well-known consumer products are the Band-Aid Brand line of bandages, Tylenol medications, Johnson’s baby products, Neutrogena skin and beauty products, Clean & Clear facial wash and Acuvue contact lenses.

Contents

[hide]

  • 1 History
    • 1.1 Corporate chairmanship
  • 2 Corporate governance
  • 3 Diversification
  • 4 Headquarters
  • 5 Environmental record
  • 6 Internet communication
  • 7 Recalls
    • 7.1 1982 Chicago Tylenol murders
    • 7.2 2010 children’s product recall
  • 8 Litigation
    • 8.1 Use of the Red Cross symbol
    • 8.2 Boston Scientific lawsuits
    • 8.3 U.S. Justice Department suit
    • 8.4 Baby care products litigation
  • 9 Subsidiary holdings
  • 10 Consumer brands
  • 11 See also
    • 11.1 Family history
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links
    • 13.1 Company websites
    • 13.2 Consumer brand websites
    • 13.3 Data

[ History

Robert Wood Johnson, inspired by a speech by antisepsis advocate Joseph Lister, joined brothers James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson to create a line of ready-to-use surgical dressings in 1885. The company produced its first products in 1886 and incorporated in 1887.

Robert Wood Johnson served as the first president of the company. He worked to improve sanitation practices in the nineteenth century, and lent his name to a hospital in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Upon his death in 1910, he was succeeded in the presidency by his brother James Wood Johnson until 1932, and then by his son, Robert Wood Johnson II.

RWJ’s granddaughter, Mary Lea Johnson Richards, was the first baby to appear on a J&J baby powder label.[8][9][10] His great-grandson, Jamie Johnson, made a documentary called Born Rich about the experience of growing up as the heir to one of the world’s greatest fortunes.

[] Corporate chairmanship

Robert Wood Johnson I 1887-1910

James Wood Johnson 1910-1932

Robert Wood Johnson II 1932-1963

Philip B. Hofmann 1963-1973

Richard B. Sellars 1973-1976

James E. Burke 1976-1989

Ralph S. Larsen 1989-2002

William C. Weldon 2002-

[] Corporate governance

Current members of the board of directors of Johnson & Johnson are: Mary Sue Coleman, James G. Cullen, Dominic Caruso, Michael M.E. Johns, Ann Dibble Jordan, Arnold G. Langbo, Susan L. Lindquist, Leo F. Mullin, Christine A. Poon, Steven S. Reinemund, David Satcher, and William C. Weldon.[11]

[] Diversification

Since the 1900s, the company has pursued steady diversification. It added consumer products in the 1920s and created a separate division for surgical products in 1941 which became Ethicon. It expanded into pharmaceuticals with the purchase of McNeil Laboratories, Inc., Cilag, and Janssen Pharmaceutica, and into women’s sanitary products and toiletries in the 1970s and 1980s. In recent years, Johnson & Johnson has expanded into such diverse areas as biopharmaceuticals, orthopedic devices, and Internet publishing. Recently, Johnson & Johnson has purchased Pfizer‘s Consumer Healthcare department. The transition from Pfizer to Johnson and Johnson was completed December 18, 2006.

Johnson & Johnson has been consistently named one of the 100 Best Companies for Working Mothers by Working Mother.[12]

Along with Gatorade, Johnson & Johnson is one of the founding sponsors of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association.

J&J headquarters at One Johnson & Johnson Plaza in New Brunswick

[Headquarters

The company has historically been located on the Delaware and Raritan Canal, in New Brunswick. The company considered moving its headquarters out of New Brunswick in the 1960s, but decided to stay in town after city officials promised to gentrify downtown New Brunswick by demolishing old buildings and constructing new ones. While New Brunswick lost at least one historic edifice (the inn where Rutgers University began) to the redevelopment, the gentrification did attract people back to New Brunswick. Johnson & Johnson hired Henry N. Cobb from Pei Cobb Freed & Partners to design an addition to its headquarters, which took the form of a white tower in a park across the railroad tracks from the older portion of the headquarters. The stretch of Delaware and Raritan canal by the company’s headquarters was replaced by a stretch of Route 18 in the late 1970s,[13] after a lengthy dispute.[14]

] Environmental record

Johnson & Johnson has set several positive goals to keep their company environmentally friendly, and were ranked third among the United States’ largest companies in Newsweek’s “Green Rankings”.[15] Some examples are the reduction in water use, waste, and energy use, and an increased level of transparency.[16] Johnson & Johnson agreed to change their packaging of plastic bottles, due to harmful chemicals used in the manufacturing process, switching their packaging of liquids to safe non-polycarbonate containers.[17] The corporation is working with the Climate Northwest Initiative and the EPA National Environmental Performance Track program.[18] As a member of the national Green Power Partnership, Johnson & Johnson operates the largest solar power generator in Pennsylvania at its site in Spring House, PA.[19]

] Internet communication

Johnson & Johnson is known for having registered many high profile internet domains during the early internet years 1996-2000. The Johnson & Johnson Internet Portfolio includes 29,925 Internet Domains, more than most of the Large Internet & Technology companies. The portfolio includes generic expressions like Babypowder.com as well as a couple of very short domains; 2 of the 676 two letter domains, JJ.com and KY.com, are owned by Johnson & Johnson.[20]

] Recalls

[] 1982 Chicago Tylenol murders

Main article: 1982 Chicago Tylenol murders

On September 29, 1982, a “Tylenol scare” began when the first of seven individuals died in metropolitan Chicago, after ingesting Extra Strength Tylenol that had been deliberately laced with cyanide.[21] Within a week, the company pulled 31 million bottles of capsules back from retailers, making it one of the first major recalls in American history.[21] The incident led to reforms in the packaging of over-the-counter substances and to federal anti-tampering laws. The case remains unsolved and no suspects have been charged. Johnson & Johnson’s quick response, including a nationwide recall, was widely praised by public relations experts and the media and has since become the gold standard for corporate crisis management.[22]

] 2010 children’s product recall

Main article: 2010 Johnson & Johnson children’s product recall

On April 30, 2010, McNeil Consumer Healthcare, a subsidiary of Johnson and Johnson, voluntarily recalled 43 over-the-counter children’s medicines, including Tylenol, Tylenol Plus, Motrin, Zyrtec and Benadryl. The recall was conducted after a routine inspection at a manufacturing facility Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, United States revealed that some “products may not fully meet the required manufacturing specifications”.[23][24] Affected products may contain a “higher concentration of active ingredients” or exhibit other manufacturing defects.[24] Products shipped to Canada, Dominican Republic, Guam, Guatemala, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Fiji were included in the recall.[23] In a statement, Johnson & Johnson said “a comprehensive quality assessment across its manufacturing operations” was underway.[23][24] A dedicated website was established by the company listing affected products and other consumer information.[24]

[] Litigation

[] Use of the Red Cross symbol

Further information: Emblems of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement#Use of the emblems

Johnson & Johnson registered the Red Cross as a U.S. trademark for “medicinal and surgical plasters” in 1905, and has used the design since 1887.[25] The Geneva Conventions, which reserved the Red Cross emblem for specific uses, were first approved in 1864 and ratified by the United States in 1882; however, the emblem was not protected in U.S. law for the use of the American Red Cross and the U.S. military until after Johnson & Johnson had obtained its trademark. A clause in this law (now 18 U.S.C. 706) permits pre-existing uses of the Red Cross, such as Johnson & Johnson’s, to continue.

A declaration made by the U.S. upon its ratification of the 1949 Geneva Conventions includes a reservation that pre-1905 U.S. domestic uses of the Red Cross, such as Johnson & Johnson’s, would remain lawful as long as the cross is not used on “aircraft, vessels, vehicles, buildings or other structures, or upon the ground,” uses which could be confused with its military uses.[26] This means that the U.S. did not agree to any interpretation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions that would overrule Johnson & Johnson’s trademark. Even as it disputes a recent lawsuit by Johnson & Johnson, the American Red Cross continues to recognize the validity of Johnson & Johnson’s trademark.[27]

In August 2007, Johnson & Johnson filed a lawsuit against the American Red Cross (ARC), demanding that the charity halt the use of the red cross symbol on products it sells to the public, though the company takes no issue with the charity’s use of the mark for non-profit purposes.[28] In May 2008, the judge in the case dismissed most of Johnson & Johnson’s claims and a month later the two organizations announced a settlement had been reached in which both parties would continue to use the symbol.[29]

Boston Scientific lawsuits

Beginning in 2003, Johnson & Johnson and Boston Scientific have been involved in a series of litigation involving patents covering heart stent medical devices. Both parties claimed that the other had infringed upon their patents. The litigation was settled once Boston Scientific agreed to pay $716 million to J&J in September 2009 and an additional $1.73 billion in February 2010.[30]

] U.S. Justice Department suit

The United States Department of Justice brought suit against the company in 2010, alleging that Johnson & Johnson illegally marketed its drugs through Omnicare, a company that dispenses drugs to nursing homes including patients with dementia.[7][31] The alleged kickbacks amounted to “tens of millions of dollars” according to The Wall Street Journal.[32]

] Baby care products litigation

Johnson & Johnson has been threatened with litigation in China over claims of contaminated baby products.[33] The news quickly resulted in consumer protests in China.[33] Some parents said their children developed allergy symptoms after using the shampoo.[33] In response, Johnson & Johnson stated “that the products are safe and the trace levels of certain compounds result from production processes rather than intentional addition, and their levels are far lower than the maximum limit set by Chinese regulatory agencies and their counterparts worldwide.”[33] Johnson & Johnson’s products produced and sold in China were accused of being contaminated with the chemicals formaldehyde and 1,4-dioxane.[34] Subsequent investigation by China’s General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine showed that the tested baby products marketed by Johnson & Johnson met with China’s cosmetic regulation on formaldehyde, and in one sample was found to contain a small amount of dioxane, which is unregulated.[34]

] Subsidiary holdings

Johnson & Johnson is a highly diversified company with at least 230 subsidiaries, which it refers to as the “Johnson & Johnson Family of Companies”. Some of these subsidiaries include:

  • ALZA Corporation
  • Animas Corporation
  • BabyCenter, L.L.C.
  • Biosense Webster, Inc.
  • Centocor Ortho Biotech, Inc.
  • Centocor Research & Development, Inc.
  • Cilag
  • Codman & Shurtleff, Inc.
  • Cordis Corporation
  • DePuy, Inc.
  • Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
  • Ethicon, Inc.
  • Global Pharmaceutical Supply Group (GPSG)
  • Gynecare
  • HealthMedia
  • Independence Technology, LLC
  • Information Technology Services
  • Janssen Pharmaceutica
  • Janssen Pharmaceutica Products, L.P.
  • Johnson & Johnson, Group of Consumer Companies, Inc.
  • Johnson & Johnson Health Care Systems Inc.
  • Johnson & Johnson – Merck Consumer Pharmaceuticals Co.
  • Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  • LifeScan, Inc.
  • McNeil Consumer Healthcare
  • McNeil Nutritionals
  • Noramco, Inc.
  • OraPharma
  • Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
  • Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, Inc. OCD
  • Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical
  • Ortho-Neutrogena (a merge of Neutrogena and Ortho Dermatological)
  • Personal Products Company
  • Penaten
  • Pharmaceutical Group Strategic Marketing (PGSM)
  • Peninsula Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • PriCara, Inc.
  • Scios Inc.
  • Tasmanian Alkaloids
  • Therakos, Inc.
  • Tibotec
  • Transform Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Veridex, LLC
  • Vistakon

Consumer brands

  • Acuvue
  • Actifed
  • Ambi
  • Aveeno
  • Bactidol
  • Band-Aid
  • Benadryl
  • Benecol
  • Bengay
  • Benylin
  • Bonamine
  • Caladryl
  • Carefree
  • Clean & Clear
  • Coach
  • Coach Professional
  • Coach Sport
  • Codral
  • Combantrin
  • Compeed
  • Conceptrol
  • Cortaid
  • Cortef
  • Delfen
  • Desitin
  • Dolormin
  • E.P.T.
  • Efferdent
  • First-Aid
  • Gynol
  • Healthy Woman
  • Imodium
  • Johnson’s Baby
  • Johnson & Johnson Red Cross
  • Jontex
  • K-Y
  • Lactaid
  • Listerine
  • Listermint
  • Lubriderm
  • Luden’s
  • Micatin
  • Monistat
  • Motrin
  • Motrin Children
  • Myadec
  • Mylanta
  • Nasalcrom
  • Neko
  • Neosporin
  • Neutrogena
  • Nicoderm
  • Nicorette
  • Nizoral
  • Nu-Gauze
  • O.B.
  • OneTouch
  • Pediacare
  • Penaten
  • Pepcid
  • Pepcid AC
  • Polysporin
  • Ponstan
  • Priligy
  • Purell
  • Quantrel
  • REACH
  • Reactine
  • Regaine
  • Rembrandt
  • Remicade
  • RoC
  • Rogaine
  • Rolaids
  • Shower to Shower
  • Simply Sleep
  • Sinutab
  • Splenda
  • St. Joseph
  • Stayfree
  • Steri-Pad
  • Stim-u-dent
  • Sudacare
  • Sudafed
  • Tucks
  • Tylenol
  • Tylenol Baby
  • Tylenol Children
  • Unicap
  • Vania
  • Visine
  • Zyrtec